Third-party reproduction methods are generally considered for couples who are either unable to achieve pregnancy thru IUI or IVF or who are unable to carry a child to term. If you and your partner are interested in starting a family, then consider these four popular methods of third-party reproduction.
1. Egg Donation
Before the egg donation process begins, the donor is required to undergo controlled ovarian hyperstimulation, or a process in which the donor takes injectable hormones to stimulate the production of multiple eggs. A fertility doctor will then retrieve the eggs via an ultrasound-guided transvaginal procedure under mild anesthesia. Once these eggs have been fertilized under laboratory supervision, the embryos are implanted into the uterus.
2. Sperm Donation
Before a sample is collected from an anonymous donor, the sperm donor must be screened for a number of infectious diseases per FDA requirements. Once the donor has been assessed and identified for candidacy, the sperm sample is collected, frozen, and quarantined for at least a 6 month period. The sperm will then be released from quarantine when the donor undergoes a second set of screenings. However, known sperm donors typically do not require this re-testing or 6 month quarantine procedure.
3. Embryo Donation
This type of third-party reproduction method occurs when a frozen embryo is created by one infertile couple via IVF and then donated to another couple. Once the embryos are thawed, they are transferred to the uterus of the mother—however, all parties must undergo a medical screening, psychological evaluation, and enter into a legal agreement before being eligible for embryo donation.
Surrogacy occurs when one woman carries a baby during the full pregnancy term for an infertile woman or couple. The most common form of surrogacy is gestation surrogacy, in which the mother undergoes ovarian hyperstimulation and IVF, rather than using the surrogate’s eggs, before the embryos are implanted into the surrogate’s uterus.
If you’re looking for more information on third-party reproduction options, then contact the Fertility Centers of Illinois at (224) 521-0527. FCI is your number one resource for third party reproduction treatments, services, and educational resources.