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Third-Party Reproduction Methods: What is Surrogacy?

Last updated 6 years ago

Surrogacy is a popular third-party reproduction method that provides infertile couples the opportunity to have children and start a family. Consider this overview on surrogacy to learn more:

What is Surrogacy?
Surrogacy is when a woman or surrogate carries a baby for an infertile woman or couple for the duration of the pregnancy term. The two main types of surrogacy include:

  • Traditional Surrogacy:
    This occurs when the intended father’s sperm is combined with the surrogates own egg to create a fertilized embryo. Traditional surrogacy requires legal action to terminate the parental rights of the surrogate and allow the intended parents to have full custody immediately following the birth.

  • Gestational Surrogacy:
    More common than traditional surrogacy, gestational surrogacy uses the intended mother’s eggs rather than the surrogates eggs. The intended mother will undergo ovarian hyperstimulation to produce an overabundance of eggs before undergoing ultra-sound guided egg retrieval. These eggs are then fertilized via IVF using the intended father’s or donor sperm and transferred to the surrogate’s uterine cavity after fertilization is complete. The surrogate will carry the baby for the full term just as in traditional surrogacy; however, the intended parents assume parental rights immediately after the birth and may not require legal action to do so.

When is Surrogacy a Good Option?
Surrogacy may be the ideal fertility treatment for patients who have a disorder that affects the ovaries and interferes with a woman’s ability to produce healthy, viable eggs. Menopause, genetic disorders, premature ovarian failure, polycystic ovaries, or endometriosis, are common reasons why surrocacy may be the best option for family building. Women who are unable to produce eggs due to a history of chemotherapy, ovary damage, or previous ovarian surgery may also benefit from a gestational surrogate.

Are you ready to start searching for a traditional or gestational surrogate? Let our fertility doctors and highly trained medical professionals with the Fertility Centers of Illinois help you narrow down your selection options and start the family you’ve always wanted. Visit our website or contact us at (224) 521-0527 for more information on our infertility treatments.


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