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Egg Donation: What You Need to Know

Last updated 6 years ago

Many couples find it difficult or even impossible to conceive a child. In some cases, this infertility is the result of factors that cause the female partner’s ovaries not to produce enough healthy eggs. Egg donation is a way for women who cannot produce their own eggs to become pregnant by using healthy eggs from a female donor and the resources of a fertility clinic.

What is involved in egg donation?
The first step is a screening phase to find a suitable candidate for donating. Once a donor is found, she is asked to take medications for two to three weeks to promote ovulation. Several eggs are removed at a time to increase the chances of successful fertilization and implantation. The eggs are then implanted in the recipient by using in vitro fertilization (IVF).

Who can be an egg donor?
Women in their peak reproductive years are the best egg donor candidates. The age range is commonly from 21 to 30 years of age, but no older than 35. Candidates are screened for genetic disorders in order to minimize the risk of passing on a congenital defect to the child. The donor is also required to abstain from alcohol, tobacco, illegal drug use, and unprotected sex during the weeks prior to donation.

What are the benefits and risks of egg donation?
The greatest benefit of egg donation is the knowledge that you’re helping a couple achieve their dream of having a child. Many programs offer monetary incentives to compensate donors for their time and effort. The risks from donating eggs are minimal, and commonly include hot flashes, mood swings, and mild swelling.

If you’d like to learn more about becoming an egg donor or in vitro fertilization, then contact Fertility Centers of Illinois by calling (877) 499-8730 or visit our website for more information. Our fertility doctors specialize in IVF and the treatment of male and female infertility.


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