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Common Diagnostic Techniques Used to Determine Fertility

Last updated 6 years ago

Whether you and your partner have been trying to conceive for over a year or experienced recurrent pregnancy loss, a fertility clinic can help you determine your level of fertility and best course of treatment. The following diagnostic techniques are commonly used to determine fertility.

Diagnostic Techniques for Men
Approximately 30-40% of infertility cases are due to male-factor infertility. Fortunately, there are many diagnostic treatment options available to help determine male fertility, including:

  • Semen Analysis (SA)
    Semen Analysis is a microscopic examination of freshly ejaculated semen to evaluate the number of sperm (count), the percentage of moving sperm (motility) and the size and shape of the sperm (morphology).  Sperm morphology is an important component of a complete semen analysis that determines the percentage of sperm cells that have a normal appearance under magnification.  The sperm morphology may be evaluated by using either World Health Organization (WHO) criteria or strict criteria.

  • Testicular Mapping
    This analysis of the testicles is a method used to identify disorders or obstructions that may affect fertility.

Diagnostic Techniques for Women
40% of infertility cases are due to female infertility, while the remaining 20% is a combination of both male and female factors. There are a number of diagnostic treatments available to determine female fertility, such as:

  • Physical Pelvic Exam
    This examination identifies physical or hormonal barriers to conception and may include a Pap smear or examination of the pelvic area.

  • Ultrasound
    Also known as Antral Follicle Count, this ultrasound is used to examine both ovaries and their follicles to assess ovarian reserve.

  • Hysterosalpingogram
    X-ray tests evaluate the fallopian tubes and the shape of the uterine cavity. This test can also reveal information such as the configuration of the uterus, irregularities, and the presence of fibroids.

  • Blood Tests
    Specific blood tests evaluate “Day 3” FSH levels and estradiol levels to assess ovarian function.

If you and your partner are struggling to conceive, then it may be time to contact a fertility clinic. With over 30 years of experience, Fertility Centers of Illinois provides the most technologically innovative and comprehensive fertility care. Call us at (877) 499-8730 for more information on your diagnostic options and to schedule an appointment.


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