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A Guide to Common Fertility Terms

Last updated 5 years ago

When confronted with fertility problems, it is natural to become confused, frustrated, and overwhelmed. Fortunately, there are steps that you can take to overcome these negative feelings and take an active approach to reaching your goals. In addition to finding a compassionate, experienced fertility doctor, learning as much as you can about infertility and its treatment options can be incredibly helpful. These common fertility terms can provide you with a good introduction:

  • Infertility:
    Infertility is defined as the inability for a couple to successfully achieve pregnancy or bring a pregnancy to term.  Fertility problems can be due to health issues with the female partner, with the male partner, or with both partners.
  • Oocyte:
    The oocyte, also called an ovum or gamete, is the egg cell produced by the human ovary. Like the sperm cells produced by males, the oocyte is haploid, meaning that it contains half of the genetic material of the other mature cells in the body. When the sperm and oocyte join during fertilization, their genetic material combines to form a complete genome.
  • Assisted Reproductive Technology:
    Often abbreviated as ART, these advanced procedures involve the removal of mature eggs from the female patient prior to assisted fertilization. In vitro fertilization (IVF) is one of the most commonly performed assisted reproductive procedures.
  • Multiple birth:
    When more than one egg is implanted into the uterus during the in vitro fertilization process, multiple births can occur. Multiple births refer to the birthing of more than one child after one gestational period.
  • BBT:
    Basal body temperature, abbreviated BBT, is a woman’s body temperature immediately upon awakening in the morning, taken before any physical activity. During ovulation a woman’s BBT can increase (about one half a degree Fahrenheit), providing some evidence of possible fertility.

Do not approach your fertility problems alone. With the help of the specialists at Fertility Centers of Illinois, you can find the best possible treatment plans to suit your needs. Call us today at (877) 499-8730.


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